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Hemorrhoids: Symptoms, causes, cure

Consider hemorrhoids like your booty's version of varicose veins. Most of the time, they are simply there, doing their job. However add some strain -- similar to weight problems, straining throughout a bowel motion, the extra weight of pregnancy, extended sitting during a long car or airplane ride or whereas on the toilet, and chronic diarrhea or constipation -- and the tissue swells, knots and often turns into painful.

There are other causes for this unlucky experience. As we age, our connective tissues weaken and stretch out of form, which might result in a prolapse, or falling, of part of the anal wall, which can then protrude from the anus. Repeated anal intercourse can produce the identical effect or irritate present hemorrhoids and make them bleed.

There may be some indication that hemorrhoids run in households, too. And those with ulcerative colitis, Crohn's and inflammatory bowel illness can add a better threat for hemorrhoids to their long list of ailments.

Sorts of hemorrhoids

There are two types of hemorrhoids: internal and external. If you happen to had to decide on, pick internal.

Internal "piles" occur within the lower rectum, where there aren't any ache centers, so they don't hurt. But it surely's scary after they bleed, usually a shiny red shade resulting from high oxygen content material in the area.

Sometimes, inside hemorrhoids can prolapse exterior the anus, collecting minute particles of feces or other supplies and leading to intense itching known as pruritus ani.

Exterior hemorrhoids develop in the pores and skin across the anus and will be extremely painful as we sit, wipe and go about our daily lives, particularly if a blood clot or thrombosis develops inside the hemorrhoid sac. Even if the clot resolves on its own, which may occur in one or two weeks, the shrunken hemorrhoid can leave a skin tag that may cause hygiene problems.

Are hemorrhoids dangerous?

Rarely. If blood loss from hemorrhoids is severe, there's a chance of anemia, with which you do not have enough crimson blood cells to carry wanted oxygen all through the body.
Inner hemorrhoids can collapse and be "strangulated" when their blood supply is lower off by anal muscles. This may lead to blood clots, infections and, in excessive cases, gangrene or sepsis.

Immunocompromised sufferers may heal slowly and be more at risk for an infection after surgical interventions, so medical doctors suggest surgery as a last resort.
What might be really harmful is assuming that your signs are simply hemorrhoids without getting a colorectal specialist to have a look-see. Though not the most nice expertise, it beats lots of the different diseases that mimic the symptoms of a hemorrhoid.

Bleeding, for example, is the most common symptom of hemorrhoids, however additionally it is a sign of colorectal or anal cancer. Pain can point out an external hemorrhoid, however it can additionally signify an anal fissure, or a tear within the pores and skin on the opening of the anus. Anal ache may point to an abscess or to fistula disease, an abnormal tunnel between two organs.

Remedies for hemorrhoids

Most hemorrhoids treatment, both inside and exterior, can be managed at home with care to not exacerbate the problem. Strive to not strain during bowel actions or sit too long. Stool softeners and extra hydration and fiber will help with constipation.

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